Ischaemic heart disease is another name for coronary artery disease. Ischemia is a condition in which blood flow to a certain part of the body is restricted. In the case of Ischaemic heart disease that body part is the heart. Patients with coronary artery disease have narrowed arteries which restrict the blood flow to the heart. Restricted blood flow to the heart often leads to cardiac arrest. In layman’s terms, this is known as a heart attack.
What Causes Arteries to Narrow?
Arteries narrow due to a build up of cholesterol. Fatty deposits cling to the walls of the arteries leading to the heart and build up over time. This process is referred to as atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. Ischaemic heart disease results when arteries become too narrow to allow proper blood flow to the heart. This lack of blood flow prevents oxygen and other vital nutrients from entering the heart. Eventually, the build up will lead to a heart attack.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Ischaemic Heart Disease?
Unfortunately, many incidences of coronary artery disease go unnoticed until the patient suffers a heart attack. Some signs and symptoms may be dismissed as heartburn, gas or normal aches and pains. Ischemic heart disease causes extreme pain but may go away within a few seconds. This leads sufferers to believe there is no serious problem. Pay attention to severe suffocating chest pain that sometimes radiates down the left arm, back or jaw.
What are the Causes of Ischaemic Heart Disease?
Coronary artery disease is caused primarily by poor diet. Eating foods high in saturated fats will cause cholesterol to build up in coronary and other arteries. Smoking is also a contributing factor in Ischaemic heart disease. People with high blood pressure and diabetes are at a greater risk for coronary artery disease. Lack of exercise can be an issue as well. In some cases, atherosclerosis may be genetically caused or hereditary.
How Can I Prevent Ischaemic Heart Disease?
Those with a family history of heart problems or other risk factors should have regular testing for signs of coronary artery disease. Keeping cholesterol low begins with a healthy diet. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Stick to low fat protein such as legumes. Avoid fat, salt and sugar to keep weight and cholesterol under control. Exercise to keep blood flow regular. All these things will lower the risk of developing coronary artery disease.
Please note: The author is not a licensed medical professional. This article is for general informational purposes only. Consult your doctor for diagnoses and treatment of Ischaemic heart disease.
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