Many mythical substances exist. From the ether that was once thought to surround the world to fictitious metals humans have always have created things that have superior abilities to everyday objects. Today we will discuss one of the first made of metals that still seems to persist today. It is known to the Ancient Greeks as Adamant.
Adamant has its history in the very early mythology of Ancient Greece. It traditionally is signified as a metal which is almost unbreakable. It is used in the sickle that Chronos uses to dispatch Ouranos and is often times found in the swords of the later Olympic gods. Hades was known to have a sword made from it and chains made from the substance were known to hold Prometheus to his punishment in the Caucus Mountains. Adamant unlike iron could affect gods and immortals alike. It was worked with early on in the mythos by the Cyclopes who were the first blacksmiths. Later when the god of blacksmiths was born, Hephaestus, he took control of working adamant for the gods.
Soon adamant came to signify anything that was thought to be the hardest substance known to man. It made appearances in Norse mythology but under a different material, it was used to make the chains to bind Loki but said it was from the intestines of one of his sons. This was the definition used by mythographers to describe any hard substance and later came to be associated with steel. This then was further clarified as harder substances came to known. Soon it became synonymous with diamonds.
In today’s pop culture the definition of describing hard substances as adamant or a version of the world continues. For the X-Men fans out there adamant is the basis of the word Adamantium which is what has been fused to Wolverine’s skeleton. In the Marvel Universe Admantium is the hardest metal known and is almost indestructible. Also many fans of Dungeons and Dragon will notice that the material also makes appearances in that game as well. Even Jonathan Swift used adamant in his novel “Gulliver’s Travels” as the basis for the bottom of Laputa as well as the lodestone that helps to power the island itself. Even the bible itself uses the word adamant in several verses. An example of this can be found in Ezekiel 3:9; later revisions to the bible used the word diamond instead of adamant.