Children, as well as adults, can suffer from mental disorders and have extreme problems. There are several mental health disorders that children can suffer from, here are some of the more common illnesses.
Children with anxiety disorders usually show physical symptoms of nervousness and respond to with fear to certain situations, as well as the show symptoms such as sweating or a rapid pulse.
Children with disruptive disorders tend to have problems obeying rules and are often defiant in school and at home.
Children with pervasive developmental disorders may be confused and have problems understanding what is or not reality and the everyday world in general around them.
Eating disorders are quite common in children and usually involve extreme attitudes and feelings, as well as inadequate behaviors when it comes to eating or weight.
Elimination disorders affect children severely and are related to the child’s elimination of feces and urine, children often have problems with feelings of helplessness and dread.
Children with learning and communication disorders have problems processing knowledge and what they are told, they also have problems relating their feelings or ideas.
Mood disorders involve persistent feelings of loneliness, sorry, sadness and anxiousness or the child may have moods that change frequently.
Schizophrenia is a very serious childhood disorder that involves perceptions or thoughts that have been severely disturbed or distorted.
Tic disorders cause children to perform sudden, involuntary, and repetitive often meaningless sounds or physical movements.
It is not uncommon for children to have more than one disorder and have crossover symptoms with both disorders.
Symptoms usually vary depending on the type of disorder, however here are some of the most common symptoms:
Abuse of alcohol or drugs as well as they may be abusive to their own bodies such as having a cutting disorder.
Child maybe unable to cope with daily functions or problems and have extreme dysfunction dealing with day to day activities.
Sleeping disturbances including bed-wetting.
Problems with eating or over eating
Child may complain of several physical medical problems such as stomach pains or headaches.
Child may act out, as well as have trouble with stealing, damaging property, skipping school, obeying authority.
Child maybe fearful of gaining weight
Have bouts of uncontrollable mood swings, negative moods, poor appetite, suicidal thoughts or thoughts of dying
Child may show frustration and have sudden outbursts of rage
Child may have extreme school performance changes, poor grades or problems with teachers or other children in general.
Loss of interest in normal activities they once enjoyed or friends
Child may want to be alone more often and withdraw from family and friends.
Child may worry more or have extreme anxiety issues
Persistent sleep disturbances such as night terrors, sleepwalking, talking in sleep or nightmares
Child may have hallucinations or see and hear things that are not there
Childhood mental disorders commonly require aggressive treatment over an extended length of time.
Other treatment options may consist of:
Many children with mental disorders can be effectively treated with certain medications such as antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and anti-psychotic medications. Other medications may also be needed such as stimulants and drugs that can help stabilize moods and outbursts.
Psychotherapy addresses the child’s emotional responses and is a form of counseling. Mental health professionals try to help children deal with their illnesses and often by talk about strategies for the child and the family in general can deal with the child’s behaviors and feelings. Along with understanding the child’s symptoms and learning how best to help the child cope with their disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy or group are also used in conjunction with other therapies.
References for this article include: www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-illness-children