This guide explains the spells used in the Harry Potter books.
Accio (Summoning Charm) ~
The Latin word ‘accio’ means ‘I call’ or ‘I summon’. This charm summons an object to the person casting it, even over a significant distance. It can be used in two ways: by casting the charm and naming the object desired (‘Accio Math Book’), or by pointing the wand at the object you want right after you say to incantation. With either method, the person casting it must concentrate upon the object they’re trying to summon in order for the charm to be successful. Also, the person needs to at least know the general location of the object being summoned.
Age-Line Spell ~
This spell creates a line that is impassable by people below the age it was set at. Dumbledore put one of these around the Goblet of Fire to stop underage students from suggesting their names for the Triwizard Tournament. It works on calendar age, so the aging-potion Fred and George Wealsey used did not fool it.
Causes a jet of water to stream from the witch or wizard’s wand. It’s been used numerous times in the series to put out fires. Harry also used it in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince to attempt to give Dumbledore a drink to lessen the effects of Voldemort’s potion.
Can be used to open and unlock doors. While it is generally ineffective on doors bewitched to resist the spell, it can be used to unseal doors upon which the Colloportus spell has been cast.
Clears the airway of a person. Professor Slughorn used this spell on Marcus Belby when Marcus swallowed too fast and started choking.
Anti-Cheating Spell ~
Can be cast onto a piece of parchment to prevent the writer from cheating while writing exam answers.
Anti-Disapparition Jinx ~
This jinx can Disapparition in an area for a while. It could be used to prevent an enemy from entering an area, or can used to trap an enemy inside an area. The Hogwarts grounds are protected by this jinx.
Antonin Dolohov’s Curse ~
This curse causes serious internal injury, without showing any external symptoms. It is cast with a slashing motion, and it sends out purple zigzagging flames. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, Dolohov used the spell non-verbally on Hermione.
This spell causes invisible ink to become visible. In ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’ this is the spell Hermione uses to try to make any hidden writing appear in Tom Marvolo Riddle’s diary.
Allows the caster to magically teleport themselves from one place to another. It requires a wand, and is not to be cast by persons under 17 years of age. It can be imprecise over long distances, and if done incorrectly, the caster can ‘splinch’ themselves, causing a part of their body to separated and be left behind.
Atmospheric Charm ~
This charm can create or modify certain weather conditions. It can even be used indoors.
Avada Kedavra (Killing Curse) ~
This is one of the three ‘Unforgivable Curses’. T causes instant death, and leaves no physical signs of the cause of death. While there is no known counter-curse or blocking spell, Avada Kedavra can be blocked by physical objects (heavily damaging them in the process), because the caster must hit the target for it to work. The spell produces a flash of green light just before it hits the target. This was the spell used to kill Harry Potter’s parents.
A charm that creates a flock of birds to pour out of the caster’s wand. Mr. Ollivander to test Viktor Krum’s wand in ‘Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire’.
Bat-Bogey Hex ~
This hex enlarges the target’s ‘bogies’ (British slang, also known as “boogers” in the U.S.A.), gives them wings, and sends them to attack their target. Ginny Weasley is a very accomplished caster of this hex.
Bubble-Head Charm ~
This charm creates a large bubble of air around the head of the caster. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Cedric Diggory and Fleur Delacour this charm during the second task of the Triwizard Tournament
Caterwauling Charm ~
Causes a high-pitched shriek whenever anyone enters the perimeter of the area the charm is around. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ Death Eaters cast this charm over Hogsmeade to protect against intruders.
Cave Inimicum ~
A spell used to strengthen an enclosure from one’s enemies. Harry and Hermione use it to strengthen their campsite’s defenses in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Cheering Charm ~
This charm causes the person the spell was cast on to become happy and contented. Cast too strongly, this charm may cause the person to break into an uncontrollable laughing fit.
A spell which will magically lock a door, preventing it from being opened by any Muggle means. Death Eaters, however, have succeeded in defeating Colloportus by using Alohomora.
Colour-Change Charm ~
Changes the color of an object. This charm was part of Harry’s Ordinary Wizarding Levels in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’.
Concealment Charm ~
A charm used to conceal something.
Confringo (Blasting Curse) ~
This spell cause anything it comes into contact with to explode. Confringo is the Latin for ‘I break’.
Confundo (Confundus Charm) ~
This charm causes it’s victim to become confused and befuddled. The word ‘confundus’ may be derived from the Latin confundere, meaning to confuse; to perplex’, whereas confundo means ‘I confuse’.
Conjunctivitus Curse ~
This curse affects the victim’s vision. Sirius Black suggests using it to Harry for the first task of the Triwizard Tournament in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’. Madame Maxime also used it on giants in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’.
Crucio (Cruciatus Curse) ~
One of the three ‘Unforgivable Curses’, Crucio inflicts intense pain on the recipient of the curse. This is the curse that tortured Frank and Alice Longbottom, (Neville Longbottom’s parents), to insanity.
Cushioning Charm ~
A charm that creates an invisible cushioned area. It’s used primarily in broomstick manufacturing, to provide more comfort to the rider.
Daydream Charm ~
This charm gives the caster a very realistic 30-minute daydream. The side effects include mild drooling and a vacant expression. Fred and George Weasley invented this and sold them in their joke shop.
Defodio (Gouging Spell) ~
A spell that causes deep gouges to appear in the object being targeted by the spell. Harry, Hermione, and Ron use this to tunnel out of Gringotts in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’. Defodio is Latin for ‘I dig’.
A spell to erase images and other magical after-effects. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, Amos Diggory uses this spell to get rid of the echo of the Dark Mark from Harry’s wand.
A hex that makes the victim’s teeth grow rapidly. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ this was the hex that caused Hermione’s teeth to grow huge.
This spell causes a targeted object to move downwards. Descendo is the Latin for ‘I descend’.
A spell which places immense downward pressure onto its target. It can result in the violent fracturing of that target. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ Hermione uses it to blast a hole through the living room floor. Deprimo is Latin for ‘I press down’.
Diffindo (Severing Charm) ~
A charm to tear a target or a specific area of a target. Ron uses this to remove this lace from his dress robes, and Harry uses it to rip Cedric’s book bag, causing a delay in the hallway in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’.
Speaking this spell, combined with tapping the statue of the humpbacked witch, causes the hidden secret passage to Honeydukes to open up.
Disillusionment Charm ~
This charm causes the target to become able to change colour to match their background. This has the effect of hiding him/her, even though it’s not true invisiblity. The target will feel as though something cold and wet is trickling down his or her back as the charm is applied, and a corresponding hot trickle as it is removed.
Dumbledore’s Spell ~
This was used by Dumbledore during his duel with Voldemort in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’. It forced Voldemort to need to conjure up a shield to protect himself.
Dumbledore’s Hex ~
This is a very powerful hex, capable of incapacitating several people at once. It creates a sound similar to a gunshot, and also causes the floor to tremble and creates a streak of silver light.
A spell to turn a target into stone. Herminone used it in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ while escaping from the Death Eaters in Hogwarts.
Engorgio (Engorgement Charm) ~
A charm that causes objects to swell in size. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Barty Crouch, Jr, (while impersonating Professor Moody), casts this on a spider during a demonstration of the Cruciatus Curse. It was also cast on a spider by Harry in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, in order to test a stolen wand.
A spell to heal minor injuries. When Episkey is cast, the victim feels their injured body part go very hot and then go very cold. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, Nymphadora Tonks used this spell to fix Harry’s broken nose. Later Harry uses it to fix Demelza Robins’ mouth.
Can be used to erect a tent or other structure. Hermione and Harry use Erecto to construct shelter for themselves and Ron in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Evanesco (Vanishing Spell) ~
A spell to make something vanish. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ Professor Snape uses it to make Harry’s potions disappear from his cauldron. Also, when Fred and George Weasley were showing off their puking pastilles, Lee Jordan Used Evanesco to clear the bucket of vomit.
Expecto Patronum (Patronus Charm) ~
The Patronus Charm is a defensive spell used to conjure an incarnation of the Witch’s or Wizard’s innermost positive emotions, which then acts as a protector. It can also be used to send messages. Remus Lupin teaches Harry Potter to use this charm as a defense against the Dementors.
Expelliarmus is used to disarm another wizard, usually by causing the victim’s wand to fly out of reach. When enough power is put into it, it can even throw the victim backwards. In ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’, it was shown that simultaneous use of this spell by multiple witches or wizards against a single person can throw the wizard back with much greater force. Professor Snape disarms Professor Lockhart in the Dueling Club with this spell. Draco Malfoy uses it to disarm Dumbledore, and later Harry uses it in the final battle against Voldemort, while using the Elder Wand.
Expulso is a curse which causes whatever it comes into contact with to explode violently. It was used by a Death Eater during an attempt to capture Harry.
False Memory Charm ~
A charm to implant a false memory in the mind of the target. Tom Riddle (Voldemort) used this in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ to make others confess to murders he had committed himself. Hermione used it in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ on her parents so that they would believe that they were ‘Wendell and Monica Wilkins’. The real memory that is hidden by a false memory charm can be retrieved by skillful Legilimency.
Featherweight Charm ~
Makes an object lightweight. In ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’ Harry considers using this charm to lighten his trunk so that he can carry it on his broom to Gringotts.
Creates a bandage and a splint. Remus Lupin uses this to bandage Ron’s leg in ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’.
Fidelius Charm ~
Secret information (typically the location of a person or a place) is hidden within the soul of a Secret-Keeper. The information is irretrievable until and unless the Secret-Keeper chooses to reveal it; not even those who have had the secret revealed to them can reveal it to others. This charm was used when Harry was an infant, to hide him and his parents from Voldemort. Later, in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, the charm is used to hide the location of the headquarters of the Order of the Phoenix, and of the location of Shell Cottage and the Weasleys’ Aunt Muriel’s house in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Fiendfyre is an unstoppable cursed fire. The flames of it take the shape of creatures that will pursue those caught in its path. It is capable of destroying Horcruxes. Crabbe sets one loose in the Room of Hidden Things, and it devours everything in the Room, including Crabbe and the Horcrux within the diadem. The fire cannot be extinguished by water or by fire-stopping charms.
Finite (Incantatem) ~
A spell to negate spells or the effects of spells. Professor Snape uses it in ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’ to restore order at the Dueling Club. Harry used it to counter Crabbe’s Descendo attack on Ron in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Flagrante Curse ~
Causes the object cursed to burn human skin when touched. The Lestranges used this in their vault in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, as a criminal deterrent.
This spell lets the caster’s wand leave fiery marks. This is the spell that Tom Riddle used in ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’, to write his name in midair. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, Hermione used it to mark an “X” on doors that had already been checked inside of the Department of Mysteries.
Flame-Freezing Charm ~
A charm to cause fire to become harmless to those caught in it. Instead of burns, they feel only a gentle, tickling sensation. According to ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’, this was how witches and wizards survived during medieval burnings.
Flying Charm ~
This is the charm cast on broomsticks and magic carpets to make them fly.
This spell causes the victim to become covered in boils. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Harry aimed this spell at Draco Malfoy, but it was deflected onto Goyle instead.
This spell creates a duplicate of any object it is cast upon. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ Hermione uses it to copy Salazar Slytherin’s locket in order to hide from Dolores Umbridge. The copy made is not perfect though. Griphook the goblin was able to tell which sword of Gryffindor was the original and which the copy when this spell was used on it.
Gemino Curse ~
When an object affected by the Gemino Curse is touched, it duplicates itself into lots of useless copies to hide the original.
This spell causes the steps on a stairway to flatten and form a slide instead. This is probably the spell cast on the stairs to the girls’ dormitory, which activates when boys try to climb the stairs. Hermione also used it to escape from the Death Eaters in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Gripping Charm ~
A charm to help someone grip something more effectively. This charm is put on Quaffles to help Chasers carry the Quaffle while simultaneously holding on to their broomsticks.
Hair-Thickening Charm ~
Thickens a person’s hair. Someone used this on Alicia Spinnet’s eyebrows to obscure her vision during a Quidditch match in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’,.
Healing Spell ~
A spell that can be used to heal deep gashes. The incantation is described as being ‘song-like’. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, Dumbledore uses this spell to heal himself after giving Voldemort’s Horcrux cave its ‘tribute of blood’.
Hex Deflection ~
Deflects spells similar to a Shield Charm, however this deflection does not cause the spell to rebound on the attacker.
Homenum Revelio ~
A handy spell that will reveal any humans in the vicinity of the caster. It can be used non-verbally. His is the spell that Dumbledore used to detect Harry underneath his Invisibility Cloak.
Homorphus Charm ~
Forces an Animagus or transfigured object to return to its normal shape.
Horcrux Curse ~
A complex spell which allows a part of a wizard’s soul to pass into an object, turning the object into a Horcrux. He wizard must commit murder and take advantage of the soul’s splitting apart by this supreme act of evil in order to be able to perform this spell. This is the spell used by Lord Voldemort to create his Horcruxes.
Horton-Keitch Braking Charm ~
Described in ‘Quidditch Through the Ages’ as the charm that gave the Comet 140 an advantage over the Cleansweep. It is meant to prevent players from overshooting the goal posts and flying off-sides.
Hot-Air Charm ~
This charm causes the caster’s wand to emit hot air. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ Hermione uses this to dry off her robes and later to melt snow. The same charm was used by Dumbledore in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ to dry off Harry’s and Dumbledore’s robes.
Hurling Hex ~
This hex causes a broomstick to vibrate violently in the air and try to buck its rider off.
Impedimenta (Impediment Jinx, Impediment Curse) ~
Impedimenta is capable of tripping, freezing, binding, knocking back and generally impeding the target’s progress towards the caster. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ we learn that if this spell does bind, it does eventually wear off.
Imperio (Imperius Curse) ~
This is one of the three ‘Unforgivable Curses’. It places the victim in a dream-like state, during which he or she is completely subject to the will of the caster. However, those who are strong willed enough can learn to resist it.
Imperturbable Charm ~
A charm to make objects (such as doors) impenetrable by everything, including sounds and objects. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, this is the charm that Hermione uses to trap Rita Skeeter inside a bottle while she was still in her beetle form. It was also used by Mrs. Weasley in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ to keep Fred and George from eavesdropping on an Order of the Phoenix meeting.
Impervius (Impervius Charm) ~
This charm makes an object repel substances and outside forces, including water and sound. Hermione uses it in ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’ on Harry’s glasses to allow him to see through the driving rain during a Quidditch match.
Inanimatus Conjurus ~
Mentioned briefly in both ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ and in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, this spell is apparently used to conjure an inanimate object.
A spell to tie someone or something up with ropes.
This spell produces fire. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, Arthur Weasley uses it to create a fire in the Dursleys’ hearth so that he could use the Floo powder there.
Inferius Animation Curse ~
Used to animate corpses, creating an Inferius. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ Snape says that a spell is placed upon a corpse to animate them and to make them do a wizard’s bidding.
Intruder Charm ~
This charm detects intruders and sounds an alarm. This is the charm that Horace Slughorn had on the Muggle-owned house he was living in, which allowed him to detect Albus Dumbledore and Harry Potter as they approached in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’.
Jelly-Legs Jinx ~
This jinx renders its victim’s legs temporarily useless, causing them to wobble around helplessly until the effect wears off, or until the counter-jinx is performed.
Knitting Needles Spell ~
A spell to allow knitting needles to knit of on their own. Hermione Granger uses it to knit hats for house-elves in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, and Mrs. Weasley uses it to make Christmas sweaters for her family and friends.
Knee-Reversal Hex ~
A hex to cause the position of the knees to be reversed. In ‘Quidditch Through the Ages’, Gertie Keddle used this hex when a man playing an early form of Quidditch came to retrieve his ball from her garden.
Glues the victim’s tongue to the roof of his or her mouth. This spell was created by the Half-Blood Prince (Snape). In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ Harry uses this on Peeves and on Argus Filch.
Ear Leeks Jinx ~
A jinx that makes leeks sprout out of the victim’s ears. In ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, this was used in a fight between a Gryffindor fourth-year and a Slytherin sixth-year before a Quidditch match.
Legilimens (Legilimency Spell) ~
A spell that lets the caster to delve into the mind of the victim. This allows the caster to see the memories, thoughts, and emotions of his or her victim. Professor Snape uses this on Harry during his Occlumency lessons in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’. Snape also used it non-verbally on Harry in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ to allow him to see where Harry had learned the Sectumsempra spell.
A spell that dangles a victim upside-down by his or her ankles. This spell was invented by Severus Snape, and Harry learned it by reading the notes written in Snape’s old Potion book. Harry uses it accidentally on Ron in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’.
This is the counterspell to Levicorpus. Harry uses it in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ to counteract the Levicorpus spell he accidentally cast on Ron.
This spell is always used with the name of a target, as the caster’s wand is pointed at the object. The spell causes the target object to rise in the air and move around at the will of the caster. It is used frequently to move heavy objects, such as people’s trunks (i.e. ‘Locomotor Trunk!’) throughout the Harry Potter book series.
Locomotor Mortis (Leg-Locker Curse) ~
Locks the victim’s legs together, preventing them from moving the legs at all. Draco Malfoy uses this on Neville Longbottom in ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone’.
This creates a narrow beam of light that shines from the wand’s tip, like a flashlight. The counter-spell (to put the light out) is Nox.
Meteolojinx Recanto ~
Stops the weather effects caused by incantations. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ it is suggested as a way to clear up the incessant rain in Yaxley’s office at the Ministry of Magic.
A spell used to levitate and move a tree. In ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’, this is the spell Hermione uses to move a Christmas Tree in The Three Broomsticks over beside her table in order to hide Harry Potter.
A spell used to levitate and move bodies. Sirius Black used this on Severus Snape in ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’.
Morfin Gaunt’s Hex ~
A spell that causes the victim to painfully emit large quantities of yellow pus. This is th hex that Morfin Gaunt used to attack Bob Ogden in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’.
Morsmordre (Dark Mark) ~
Invented by Lord Voldemort, this is used to conjure up the Dark Mark signal.
This fills peoples’ ears with an unidentifiable buzzing, in order to keep them from hearing nearby conversations. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ Harry and Ron use it on various teachers to keep their conversations private.
Narcissa Malfoy’s Jinx ~
Causes pain to anyone touching the person who cast the spell. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, Narcissa Malfoy used this spell to painfully force Bellatrix Lestrange to release her.
Used to turn off the light produced by the Lumos spell.
Obliteration Charm ~
A charm to remove things the caster doesn’t want seen again. Hermione used this to remove footprints her and others left in the snow.
Obliviate (Memory Charm, Memory-Modifying Charm) ~
A charm used to hide a memory of a specific event. This is different from the False Memory Charm, because it doesn’t provide an alternate memory.
Causes a blindfold to appear over the victim’s eyes, which then obstructs their view of their surroundings. Hermione used it in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ to obstruct the portrait of Phineas Nigellus’ view of their location.
This spell causes animals or conjured objects to attack. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ Hermione uses this to attack Ron Weasley with a flock of conjured canaries.
Makes a bouquet of flowers appear out of the caster’s wand. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Mr. Ollivander uses this spell to test Fleur Delacour’s wand. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, Tom Riddle uses this spell non-verbally to produce flowers for Hepzibah Smith.
Used to pack a trunk, or perhaps any piece of luggage. In ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’ Remus Lupin uses this in his office. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, Nymphadora Tonks uses it both verbally and non-verbally. The neatness of the packing seems to depend on either the desire or the ability of the caster, (perhaps both).
Permanent Sticking Charm ~
A charm that makes objects permanently stay in place. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, Sirius says that he suspects that his mother’s painting was fixed to the wall with such this charm. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, Harry finds out that is was also used Sirius Black to permanently affix his pictures to the wall of his room.
Peskipiksi Pesternomi ~
In ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’ Gilderoy Lockhart uses this (with no apparent effect) after he releases a cage full of Cornish pixies into his classroom.
Petrificus Totalus (Full Body-Bind Curse) ~
Can be used to temporarily bind the victim’s body in a position similar to a soldier at attention. The victim then typically falls to the ground. In ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone’ Hermione uses it on Neville to prevent him from interfering as she, Harry, and Ron, went to hunt for the Philosopher’s Stone.
Piertotum Locomotor ~
A spell that can animate statues and suits of armor to do the caster’s bidding. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, Professor McGonagall uses this spell to animate the suits of armor and statues inside Hogwarts, to help defend the castle.
Point Me (Four-Point Spell) ~
Works like a compass by causing the caster’s wand tip to point to the north cardinal point. Harry used this to keep on course during the third task of the Triwizard Tournament in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’.
This is the spell that turns an object into a portkey. Portkeys were first seen in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ as transportation to the Quidditch World Cup, but the spell to create the portkey was not revealed until ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’.
Prior Incantato ~
This causes the echo (a shadow-like image) of the last spell cast by a wand to come out of it. In ‘ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Amos Diggory used it to discover the last spell cast by Harry’s wand after Winky the house-elf was found holding it.
Protean Charm ~
A charm to cause copies of an object to be affected remotely by changes made to the original object. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ Hermione Granger put the protean charm on some fake Galleons to alert members of Dumbledore’s Army of the time and date of the next meeting.
Protego (Shield Charm) ~
This charm causes minor to moderate jinxes, curses, and hexes to rebound against the attacker. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ Hermione teaches Harry this spell in preparation for the third task in the Triwizard Tournament. It can also be used to reflect or lessen the effects of more powerful spells.
Protego Horribilis ~
A spell to provide some level of protection against dark magic. Professor Flitwick casts this in an attempt to strengthen the castle’s defenses during ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Protego Totalum ~
Provides a level of protection for an area or a dwelling. Protego Totalum was one of the spells used by Hermione and Harry to protect their campsite from unwanted visitors in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
After a person has used the Sonorus spell to magnify his or her voice with out a megaphone, the Quietus spell can be used to return the voice to normal. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, Ludo Bagman demonstrates this spell.
Reducio can be used to make an enlarged object smaller. It’s the counter-charm to Engorgio. It may also be used to shrink objects that have never been engorged. In ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’, Arthur Weasley makes reference to “shrinking door keys”.
Reducto (Reductor Curse) ~
Reducto disintegrates or destroys objects in the path of the person casting it. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, Harry uses it on one of the hedges of the Triwizard maze, burning a small hole in it. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince’, the Order of the Phoenix tries to use this spell to break down a door that some Death Eaters have blocked, while the Death Eaters have cornered Dumbledore in the Lightning Struck Tower.
Refilling Charm ~
Causes whatever container the caster points at to refill with the drink originally in the container. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, when Harry notices that Hagrid and Professor Slughorn are running out of mead Harry used the charm to refill it for them.
This charm can be used to force someone or something to release what they’re holding. Underwater, shooting hot bursts of water can be seen. Our of water, it looks like sparks. It causes victims of this charm to simply release whatever they are holding at the time. Harry used this against the Grindylows in the second task of the Triwizard Tournament.
This spell will bring someone out of unconsciousness. It’s the counter-spell to Stupefy. In ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, Amos Diggory uses it to wake up Winky and Professor Dumbledore uses it to wake up Viktor Krum.
A spell used to repair non-magical objects.
Repello Muggletum (Muggle-Repelling Charm) ~
A charm to keep muggles away from wizarding places. It causes the muggles to suddenly remember important meetings they missed and also causes them to forget what they were doing. This charm was used to keep muggles away from the Quidditch World Cup, and it’s also used to help guard Hogwarts.
Rictusempra (Tickling Charm) ~
Gives the subject of the charm the sensation of being tickled. Harry used Rictusempra on Draco Malfoy in ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’, when they fought in the Dueling Club.
Riddikulus (Boggart-Banishing Spell) ~
When fighting a Boggart, the Riddikulus spell forces the Boggart to take the appearance of an object that the caster finds humorous. When the caster starts laughing, the laughter will weaken the Boggart. The exact effect depends on what the caster is thinking at the time he or she casts the spell.
Salvio Hexia ~
This was one of several spells that were used to help strengthen Harry’s campsite, in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, but it had no visible effects. It may be meant to deflect minor hexes aimed at an object, such as Harry’s tent
Scourgify (Scouring Charm) ~
A charm to clean objects. Tonks used this to clean Hedwig’s cage in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’. Ginny Weasley uses this charm to clean up the Stinksap on the Hogwarts Express.
This spell was invented by Severus Snape. It’s a dark spell that cuts large, blood-oozing gashes on the victim as if he or she had been slashed by a sword. Harry earned the spell from Snape’s old Potions textbook. In ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’ Harry used this spell against Draco Malfoy. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ Snape accidentally cuts off George Weasley’s ear; (he was actually aiming for a death-eater). This spell is only effective against people or creatures that can bleed, and it leaves a wound that will not heal properly.
A spell that causes a serpent to come from the caster’s wand. Draco Malfoy used this spell while dueling with Harry in ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’.
Silencio (Silencing Charm) ~
This charm causes persons or creatures to become silent. Hermione used it in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ to silence a frog and a raven during a Charms class. It was also used on a Death Eater, to stop him from telling his comrades where they were.
(Slug-Vomiting Curse) ~
Causes a jet of green light to strike the victim, who then begins vomiting slugs. In ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’, Ron Weasley tried to use it on Draco Malfoy. Since Ron’s wand was broken, the curse hit Ron instead. There doesn’t appear to be a counter-acting spell. The victim just has to wait for the curse to wear off.
Acts on the caster’s voice as a megaphone would. After pointing the wand to one’s own neck, the voice is magnified. Dumbledore uses it to speak in the Great Hall, and so does Cornelius Fudge, the Minister of Magic, at the beginning of the Quidditch World Cup.
Specialis Revelio (Scarpin’s Revelaspell) ~
A spell to cause an object to show its hidden secrets or its magical properties. Hermione uses it to try to find out more about Harry’s Potions book in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’. Ernie Macmillan uses it to find out the ingredients of a potion.
Stealth Sensoring Spell ~
Used to detect people that are magically disguised. In ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’, Professor Umbridge cast this spell around her office.
Streamer Spell ~
This spell causes purple and gold streamers to spew out of the end of the caster’s wand. Hermione used it to decorate for Harry’s birthday party in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Stretching Jinx ~
A magical way to stretch things. Mrs. Weasley mentions it when she’s commenting on how tall both Harry and Ron had become over the summer holidays.
Stinging Hex / Stinging Jinx ~
Causes a stinging sensation in the victim, followed by angry red welts and occasionally very severe inflammation of the affected area. Harry accidentally used one on Professor Snape during Occlumency lessons during ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’. In ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, Hermione uses it to purposefully distort Harry’s appearance.
Stupefy (Stunning Spell, Stupefying Charm) ~
Causes the victim to become unconscious. The spell wears off fairly quickly, and can also be countered by ‘Rennervate’. Magic-resistant may need more than one Stupefy spell used at the same time to be effective. Severe injury is possible if many Stupefy spells are used on a target that is not normally resistant to its effect.
Supersensory Charm ~
Ron mentions this during the epilogue of ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’, noting that it is a potential substitute for using mirrors while driving Muggle automobiles. It causes the caster’s senses to be enhanced, allowing them to sense things they would not normally sense.
Switching Spell ~
spell causes two objects to be switched for one another. Harry considers using this spell against his dragon during the first task of the Triwizard Tournament.
Unbreakable Vow ~
This causes a vow taken by a witch or wizard to become inviolable. If they do manage to break it, the consequence is death. Severus Snape makes an Unbreakable Vow with Narcissa Malfoy in ‘Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince’, vowing to help Narcissa’s son (Draco) with the task given to him by Voldemort, and to finish the task in Draco’s place if necessary.
Undetectable Extension Charm ~
This charm causes a container’s inside capacity to be increased, without changing the object’s external appearance. Arthur Weasley used this charm to allow ‘eight people, six large trunks, two owls, and a rat’ to fit comfortably inside his car in ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets’. It was also used to enlarge the tents at the Quidditch World Cup in ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’, and on Hermione’s handbag in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’.
Unplottable Charm ~
Can be used to make buildings or other locations unable to be plotted on a map. Unplottable is used on many important wizarding locations, including the Room of Requirement at Hogwarts and Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place.
Lord Voldemort’s Shield ~
Used in ‘Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix’ by Lord Voldemort, to protect himself from Dumbledore’s spell The shiny silver shield produces a gong-like sound when hit with the spell.
A spell able to launch small objects through the air. In ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’, Remun Lupin uses it to expel a wad of chewing gum from a key hole Peeves put it in, then launches it up Peeves’s nose.
Wingardium Leviosa (Levitation Charm) ~
A charm to levitate objects. In ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone’, Professor Flitwick’s first-year class practice this spell. It is also used in ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ when Harry levitates the sidecar of a flying motorbike.
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