The Green Basilisk Lizard can be found in Central America from southern Mexico to Panama. They live in tropical rainforests and can often be found in rivers, lakes and trees. They always live near a source of water. They are common in these areas and are not considered endangered or threatened.
These lizards are green in color. They have crests on their heads; males also have these on their backs. They have very long tails. Adult Green Basilisk Lizards can grow to be up to two and a half feet in length and can weigh up to seven ounces. They have sharp teeth that are affixed to the inside of their jaws.
The Green Basilisk Lizard can do something quite unique. They are able to ‘walk’ on water. This ability is why the Green Basilisk Lizard is also known as the ‘Jesus Christ Lizard.’ They have special fringed scales on their long rear toes that give them more surface area while they are running on water. You see, they do not, and cannot, actually walk on water; they must run to stay above the surface. They are able to run on the surface at a rate of roughly five feet per second. They can do this for about fifteen feet before sinking into the water, where they are able to swim quickly and adeptly.
Green Basilisk Lizards can run up to seven miles an hour on land. They can run bipedally or quadripedally. They are adept at climbing, swimming and jumping.
The diet of a Green Basilisk Lizard is very diverse. They are omnivores. They feed off small fish, birds and snakes. They also eat insects, worms, fruits and flowers. Young ‘Jesus Christ Lizards’ typically live off of insects in the trees until they are able to catch food. These lizards may be consumed by large birds and snakes.
Female Green Basilisk Lizards can lay up to five clutches during the mating season. They lay clutches of 18-20 eggs in a dug out trench. They then cover the eggs with dirt and leave them as they are. Parenting for a female Green Basilisk Lizard ends once the eggs are buried. The eggs will incubate for 8-10 weeks. The hatchlings will come into the world with the ability to run, climb and swim. They are able to run on water from the moment they leave the nest. The average life expectancy of these lizards is seven years.
Species. B. plumifrons