As many may or may not know, the era of Reconstruction was filled with economical, as well as political turmoil as well. Many people went to great lengths in order to preserve the Union, and Abraham Lincoln was just one of those people who strived not to have two separate countries of the North and the South, but to have one complete Union.
Political Popularity of Lincoln
Since the beginning of Lincoln’s presidency, he was not very well liked by many Republicans, let alone Congress. While in office, Lincoln did many things that were against the Constitution (Even though these against were indeed approved by Congress), which resulted in him losing popularity among many of his supporters. Lincoln had proclaimed blockades, suspended Habeas Corpus (In order to convict southerners), and given government money (of up to $2 million dollars) to Union citizens for military purposes. These are just some of the reasons why Lincoln had lost much popularity in office.
Another reason that resulted in Lincoln losing popularity in office was his compassion toward the South. Lincoln believed the southern states had never “officially” seceded, therefore it should of been easy for states that left the Union to rejoin. Congress was against this, as at the time they were primarily Republican, and believed that they should be forced to “pay for their sins”. With all of this occurring, Lincoln and Congress were often butting heads, which led to one problem after another.
The Goals of Lincoln’s 10% Plan
The goals of Lincoln’s 10% plan was to more quickly achieve a complete and unified Union. The object of the 10% plan was to make the process of re-joining the Union more more simple, and to make a peaceful nation instead of a fighting one.
What Did Lincoln’s 10% Plan Consist Of?
Lincoln’s 10% plan consisted of three main things: First, that 10% of all southern voters had to pledge an allegiance to the Union. Second, that 10% of all southern voters must pledge to obey the laws of emancipation. Third, that once the southern states had completed the first two steps, the formally create their own state government. These are the three main core points of Lincoln’s 10% plan.
What Were the Results of Lincoln’s 10% Plan?
The results of Lincoln’s 10% plan were very little; in fact, his plan was rendered useless when he was murdered by John Wilkes Booth in the Ford Theater. With this being said; however, President Andrew Johnson agreed with Lincoln that the seceded states never “officially” seceded, so therefore he agreed with Lincoln’s 10% percent plan. Andrew Johnson was much less compassionate to the South than Lincoln was, so he thought that it should still be much harder for the seceded states to re-enter the Union.
Andrew Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson’s also believed that the seceded states never “officially” left the Union, so he agreed with Lincoln that they should be re-admitted; however, Johnson’s plan to rejoin the Union was a little more difficult, and consisted of five main parts. First, that 50% of all southern voters pledge an allegiance to the Union. Second, that all ex-confederate leaders give a personal apology to Johnson. Third, that all southern states ratify the 13th amendment. Fourth, that all southern states repeal their ordinance of succession before re-entering the Union. Fifth, that no pardons would be given to ex-confederate officials or those that owned $20,000 or over in property.
Lincoln and Johnson’s plans for reconstruction may have been harsh on southerners; however, it worked, and the Union was eventually once again unified.
Brandon Samuels. timelines.com/1863/12/lincoln-attempts-reconstruction-with-the-ten-percent-plan. Lincoln Attempts Reconstruction with the 10 Percent Plan.